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s t a t i o n e fi y 

Volume 5 

Number 3 



Movable Struwwelpeters worldwide 

Theo Geilen 
The Netherlands 

Next year will be the 1 50th anniversary of the 
publication of first English translation of the famous 
children's classic Struwwelpeter. The German book was 
written by Heinrich Hoffmann in 1 844 as a Christmas 
present for his three year old son Carl. It was first 
published in Germany for Christmas 1845. Since that 
time the German edition always remained in print and the 
book has been translated in over thirty languages. Along 
with Carroll's Alice in Wonderland, it appears to be the 
most successful children's book ever, celebrated with not 
less than two special museums in its hometown Frankfurt. 

Though the book has not been as popular in the 
English-speaking world as it has been in the German, it 
nevertheless has been translated over seventeen times in 
English and printed in hundreds of editions both in 
England and the United States with titles as 
Stru-wwelpeter, Shock-Headed Peter, or Slovenly Peter. 
And with considerable success as well are the adaptations 
of the ten stories of the original edition reprinted in 
countless booklets known as Struwwelpetriades, some of 
them by people like Mark Twain, Hilaire Belloc and 
Roald Dahl. The illustrations have been redrawn by well- 
known artists such as Louis Wain, Ernest Shepard and 
Janet Graham-Johnstone. In 1974 the fame of 
Struwwelpeter was used in a parody of the Watergate 
scandal of the U.S. president in a political version: Tricky 
Dick and his pals, as it was used before by the allies of 
the First World War in Shock-Headed William, a parody 
of the German Emperor William, and of the Second 
W : orld War in StruMrwel-Hitler. 

A copy of the English 1848 edition recently sold 
at Christie's in London for over £4200 (ca.$6500 U.S.). 
Good collections of English language editions and 
adaptations are now on exhibit at the Kerlan Collection 
of the University of Minnesota, the Allisson-Shelley 
Collection of the Pennsylvania State University and the 
Pierpont Morgan Library in New York. 

Since I am not only studying the history of movable 
books but also researching the printing history of the 

(Dutch) Struwwelpeter, I thought it interesting, on the 
occasion of the coming jubilee year, to explore the point 
of contact of these two fields of my research. In 
researching the history of the movable Struwwelpeter, 
with an amazing success, I found no less than twenrv-five 
movable editions worldwide. 

The earliest edition of a movable Struwwelpeter know 
to me, is the Stnwwelpeterbuch mil mechamk. Kleine 
Gedichlen fiir Kinder. (Struwwelpeter book with 
mechanics. Little poems for children), published in 1 863 
in Berlin by Carl Ktihn and Sons. Since the first German 
movable, Eduart Die's Hanswurst 's lustige Streiche, was 
only published in 1862. and F.C. Hosch called himself 
the inventor of these kinds of books in his book Kinder 
Lust in Lebendigen Bildem (Children's pleasure in living 
pictures) also published in 1863, it is surprising to find 
our protagonist already amongst the incunables of the 
movable books. In the book we see already in those earlv 
days an unusual mixture of technics: pull-tabs to put the 
figures in motion, pull-tabs showing different pictures 
one after another, and a lift-the-flap used for an exercise 
book showing the scrawl of the gifted child once the flap 
is lifted. 

The next example is dated about 1 870, Neues Lustiges 
und Lebendiges Bilderbuch fur Artige Kinder ("New 
amusing and living picture book for nice children), a pull- 

continucd on page 2 

The Movable Book Society 

Movable Stationery is the quarterly publication of The 
Movable Book Society. Letters and articles from 
members on relevant subjects are welcome.The annual 
membership fee for The Society is $15.00. For more 
information contact Ann Montana™, The Movable Book 
Society, P.O. Box 1 1654, New Brunswick, New Jersey 

Daytime telephone: 732-445-5896 
Evening telephone: 732-247-6071 
Fax:732-846-7928 or 732-445-5888 

The deadline for the next issue is November 15. 

tab book with the factory mark of the Berlin Luxuspapier 
Fabrik. The six movable pictures illustrate stories about 
lying-Lotte, fidgety-Frizt, yodel-Seppel and others all 
finally punished for their objectionable habits. 

In 1885 the publishmg house of A. Capendu in Pans 
brought out a peculiar book with the title Theatre 
Guignol (Punch and Judy Theater): each of the four 
pages has a very colorful pull-up, which, when opened, 
consists of three cut-out cards, one behind the other, 
picturing characters and props, the rear card picturing the 
background scenery, like a toy-theater. On the back of the 
rear scene is a printed play that can be performed in the 
paper theater pulled up, telling the stories of Punch and 
Judy, Cinderella, Circus Corvi and a story of an ogre. The 
book has been bound as a leporellom so the four theaters 
can be placed one beside the other, forming a beautiful 
whole, extending to over one meter. The scene with the 
ogre surely is the history of the inky boys known from 
HoffrnannVs Struwwelpeter. shown also by the picture 
of Struwwelpeter on the front cover of the book - here in 
his French manifestation of Pierre I 'Ebouriffe. It is really 
a beautiful book, and the paper engineering was used 
about the same time for the more well-known Theatrical 
picture book showing the same kinds of scenes of 
Robinson Crusoe, Puss in Books, Little Red Riding 
Hood, and Sleeping Beauty. The four scenes of Theatre 
Guignol were published by Capendu a few years later, 
about 1 890, as a series of four separate books under the 
series name Librairie Enfamine Illustre (see Whitton, 
p.71, with a picture) and the part with the inky boys was 
then entitled Croquemitaine. Both the complete book 
and the four separate scenes are very rare. 

Still in the 1880s McLoughlin Bros, of New York 
published a Naughty children transformation toy book 
in which the naughty children from the title change into 
animals corresponding with their vices when the book's 
hinged flaps are raised: the chattenng girl Polly, for 
example, becomes a parrot. In fact this book was 

plagiarized from an 1 858 London Routledge title, not a 
movable, The sad history of greedy Jem and all his little 
brothers. The theme of children transforming in animals 
because of their naughtiness is an Anglo-Saxon tradition 
in children's books dating back to the eighteenth century 
as can be read from the title of a book published in 
London about 1 780 by Elizabeth Newberry: Vice in its 
proper shape: or the wonderful and melancholy 
transformation of several naughty masters and misses 
into those contemptible animals which they most 
resemble in disposition. McLoughlin just used the 
techniques of the movable book to show the children the 
transformation before their very eyes! 

Raphael Tuck & Sons Slovenly Peter was evidently 
very successful. Published with text by Graham Clifton 
Bingham in about 1890 as part of Father Tuck's 
"Mechanical" Series (see Haining, pp. 38-39) the cover 
reads "designed in England. Printed in Bavaria." A 
special attraction of this book is that with the pull of a 
tab, two movements are effected: one in both of the 
illustrations on the page. The success of this book can be 
concluded from the fact that this title can rather often be 
found in antiquarian bookstores or at auctions; there 
probably were very many copies printed. The success 
was also shown by several translations which appeared 
about the same time in other countries of Europe. In 
France it appeared as Jack I 'Incorrigible (Incorrigible 
Jack) by Pierre Decourt and published by A. Capendu in 
Paris - and was shortly thereafter reprinted without the 
name of the publisher or publication place; in Germany 
it appeared without a title, publisher or place, but surely 
done by G. Loewensohn in Forth near Numberg; and in 
Holland as Uit het leven va Piet de Smeerpoets (From the 
life of Struwwelpeter) by Stella Mare and published at 
Hilarius from Almelo. 

At about the same time, but at least by 1 890 (I saw a 
copy with an inscription dated 1 890), Frederick Wame & 
Co. of London and New York published The Magic 
Lantern Struwwelpeter, a book with fifteen examples of 
naughty children. Included are the girl who played with 
fire, the boy who wouldn't eat bread and milk, the 
Destructive Twins, Conceited Connie, Tearful Tommy, 
etc. They are pictured on eight movable pages: four 
blades with a wheel embedded between two sheets to 
give a transformation effect, the wheel working for both 
sides. The pictures show a magic lantern performance 
done for a row of children (in two different formations 
pictured) and conducted by a real old-fashioned 
"explicator." Where the pictures of the magic lantern are 
suggested to be projected on the wall there is a circular 
opening in the pages, showing by turning the wheel 
successively the four scenes of the stones made movable. 
Eight of the stories are adapted versions of the originals 
by Heinrich Hoffmann, the other seven newly invented 
ones are in the tradition of Hoffmann's. (cont. page 8 ) 

Joints for movable paper figures 

Peter Schtlhle 
Loxstedt, Germany 

On my way to a pop-up book exhibition in Troisdorf 
(near Cologne), I met with Mr. Falk Keuten, the author of 
Mechanische spielobjekte und automaten (Mechanical 
toys and automats). His book contains an interesting 
chapter about paper mechanics and suggestions on how 
to make your own moving pictures. 

After a pleasant meal, he showed me his collection of 
movable books and mechanical toys and the sketches of 
moving pictures he had made recently. He also gave me 
some copies of his sketches and an interesting paper 
describing a new method for producing delicate joints for 
paper figures. Here it is: 

How to make nylon -thread joints 
for movable paper figures 

Falk Keuten 

5. With a soldering iron carefully 
press down the nylon thread 
and gently melt it. Don't do 
it too long because 
then the layer Soldering 

could become ' ron 

too thin. 

■zzzmsa—- Parts to be joined 
WV^m^MmtTM^ - Table 

6. Remove the joined parts including the nylon thread 
from the wooden board. Turn the whole thing: Shorten 
the nylon "axle" to 2 mm (See #4 ). 

7. Carefully "melt" the nylon thread (See#5 ). The joint 
is ready! 

In past publications I recommended using the smallest 
paper fasteners (peg-like; produced by Hansa, Nr 000) as 
joint axles. Unfortunately these 
are no longer produced due to lack of 
demand. Even though the following 
technique involves more work it is 
still a good alternative since it allows 
even finer mechanisms. 

1 . Drill a hole (1 .5 mm) into a wooden board of 1 - 2 cm. 

2. Gently pierce (1mm) the parts that make up the joint at 
their marked pivots. 


Joint completed 

Translated by V. Verspohl 
© Falk Keuten, Bonn, 1 993 

I hope, this description will be helpful to those who like 
to make their own movable pictures. 

Bruno Munari's Books Reprinted 

3. Adjust the parts that are to be 
joined with a pointed awl 
above the drill hole of 
the wooden board so 
that a nylon thread 
can be stuck through. 

( 0,8 mm ) 

Wooden Board 


pjBBjBBBaBHa gBjl PgJ 




4. Shorten the nylon thread so that 2 mm will remain 
above the parts to be joined. It might be helpful to cut a 
slot into a small piece of 2 mm-cardboard and use this as 
a helping device to get the right length. 

Theo Gielen 
The Netherlands 

Bruno Munari, the Italian painter, designer, graphic 
artist, publicist, author of children's books and - as he 
regards himself primarily - "collector of the visible," 
celebrated his 90th birthday this year. Although he 
published most of his well-known novelty books in the 
1 940's, 1 950's, and 1 960's, he actively promotes books 
that give children a chance to look at their books and at 
the world around them, rather than to just read them. 

Munari pronounced his credo in an introduction to the 
1995 trade catalog of the Italian packager La Coccinella 
Editrice, a producer of all kinds of interactive children's 
books Munari said: 

Once books consisted only of a text, with a few 
black-and-white illustrations, and communication 
occurred only through literature; even the few 

illustrations were not designed to transmit the verbal 
communication, but only as an additional decoration. 
The book was not considered as a communicating 
object in itself but as a support for literature. Today, 
on the contrary, we have at last realized that image 
communicates and with it also color, shapes, type of 
paper or cardboard, the size of typographic 
characters or the very form of letters, and also 
communicates all the editorial technology, i.e. hollow 
punches, thickness, book binding — Today we have 
finally reached the 'visual communication' and not 
only visual but also tactile, thermic, plurisensorial. 
What does a child do when he takes a cat in his 
arms? He performs an action which interests all his 
senses: he feels the softness of the fur, he spurs the 
weight, sees the color of the cat, feels the warmth, 
hears its voice, scents its smell 

In nature these communications have always been 
plurisensorial. It is clear that a child in front of a 
book which occupies only one his sensorial 
receptacles, is less interested than in front of a book 
to touch, to manipulate, to look at, to transform, and 
also to read as much as necessary to complete the 
total information. 

. . . Books with visual surprises, books which 
transform themselves, books into which you can poke 
your fingers, books suitable for children, at last! 

The second reprint is Im Dunkel der Nacht / Nella 
notte buia (In the dark of the night), first published in 
1956. Munari plays a printing game in this book with 
light and dark, again using different kinds of paper, 
different sizes of the pages and die cuts. 

As a homage to the maestro, two people from the 
Zurich Museum of Design edited a kind of anthology of 
the works by Munari: Die Luft sichtbar machen /Far 
vedere I 'aria (The air made visible), a marvelous survey 
in 490 color illustrations. It is really a feast for your eyes 
and features the use of die-cuts and different sorts of 

The three books, though priced as trade books, really 
look like artists' books they are so well executed with 
bright colors, gorgeous printing and nicely cloth bound. 
Not only a mark of honor for an artist on his 90th birthday 
but also a gift for anyone loving (movable) books. 

Bruno Munari. Im Nebel von Mai land / Nella nebbia de 
M ilano. Verlag Lars Muller, Baden/Switzerland, 1 996. 
ISBN: 3-907044-06-2. 56 pages. 215 x 215 mm. Sfr. 
38.00 (ca. $35.00). 

Bruno Munari. Im Dunkel der Nacht / Nella nolle buia. 
Verlag Lars Muller, Baden/Switzerland, 1 996. ISBN: 3- 
907044-07-x. 60 pages. 230 x 160 mm. Sfr. 38.00 (ca. 

Several of his books, mostly constructed with lift-the- 
flaps, pages of different sizes, die-cuts, and the use of all 
kinds of paper and cardboard, were published in English 
language editions. They appeared in the second half of the 
1940s as "Bruno Books" by the Harvill Press in London 
and at the end of the 1950s by World Publishing 
Company in Cleveland and New York. A couple of them 
were reprinted in 1980 by Collins, New York and 

The Swiss firm Verlag Lars Muller has now reprinted 
limited editions of two of the highlights of Munari 's 
works. Im Nebel von Kiailand / Nella neddia de Milano 
(The circus in the mist) is seen as the best of his books. 
Through translucent tracing-paper pages, scenes of a 
town in the mist are viewed. The tracing paper has been 
printed with people, nding buses and bicycles on both the 
front and back of the paper, suggesting the buses and 
tracks enveloped in the dense fog of Milano. When the 
pages are turned one by one, the mist gradually lifts and 
we arrive at a circus tent made up of colored, printed 
pages with cut-out windows looking through a picture on 
the following page. This book, first published in 1 968, is 
pictured extensively in Tadashi Yokoyama's The best of 
3-D books, pages 1 00- 1 06 - no other books got so many 

Claude Lichtenstein and Alfredo Haberli (eds.). Die Luft 
sichtbar machen / Far vedere l'aria. Ein visuelles 
Lesebuch zu Bruno Munari. Verlag Lars Muller, 
Baden/Switzerland, n.d. ISBN: 3-90700-94-1. 320 
pages. 240 x 160 mm. Sfr. 68.00 (ca. $60.00). 

The address of the publisher: Verlag Lars Muller, P.O. 
Box 912, CH-5401 Baden, Switzerland. Telephone: 056- 
2822700. Fax: 056-2822701. Email: 

larsmullerbooks( The publisher has 
distributors in the United States and in the United 

Pop-up! Pop-up! 

Albert Tillman has recently published Pop-up! Pop- 
up! Pop-up books: Their history, how to collect them 
and how much they re worth. It is a 58-page publication 
describing the production, collecting, maintenance, and 
selling of pop-ups. Albert also identifies his own 
selections as "The best 100 pop-up books," "The 100 
best pop-up pictures," and lists titles in other categories. 
Pop-up! Pop-up! is available from Whalestooth Farm, 
HC 1 Box 82, Olga, Washington 98279. The price of 
$9.95 includes shipping and handling. 


1 Illustrator and paper engineer Schenk 
4 Shen Rodie & Korky Paul's " _ Wolf" 

7 Livre , pop-up in Paris 

1 2 Movable collectible: 2 wds. 

14 Grinder 

1 5 Awkward 

16 "Jack the Giant _" (1 860) From 
Ward and Lock 

17 Dutch Painter Hieronymous (1460- 

18 CSNY's 1970 album," Deja_" 

19 Obie-Wan , Skywalker's mentor 

22 Shouting match 

25 Kees Moerbeek's " _ No, Santa!" 

27 The Horse from Christos Kondeatis 

& Sara Maitland's " Pandora's Box" 

28 Keith Moseley's "_ Big Bear" (1988) 

29 Running clue 

31 Nick and Patrick: abbr. 

32 Foot part 

33 "_ Baba and the Forty Thieves" 
(1 950), a Peepshow Book from 
Houghton Mifflin Co. 

34 Cecil B. DeMille's " Commandments" 

(1923 and 1956): 2 wds. 

36 Crichton's hospital drama series 

37 Bachman-Turner Overdrive"s #1 hit, 
"You Ain't Seen Nothin' _" (1 974) 












1 1 























■ 32 

























38 Sung parts 4 

39 Hunt, Intervisual's chairman: inits. 5 

40 "Removable" from the last spread of 
Robert Crowther's "Pop-Up 6 
Olympics" (1996) 

44 Stephen Savage's "Making " 7 

(1 992), a Slideond-See Book 8 

49 Cherry red 

50 Mr. Matisse (1869-1954) 9 

51 "Behind the _ in Fairyland" (1891) 10 
from Raphael Tuck & Sons, Ltd. 1 1 

52 A former Mafioso? 13 

53 Graphics Int'Ps "products" in the 16 
early 60's 18 

54 Half a Gabor? 20 

cnni^ 21 

1 "...three men in ": 2 wds. 22 

2 U2 leader 

3 Samuel Gabriel Sons & Co. paper toy 23 
"Ten Different Kittens and Puppies with 24 
Moving __, What a Surprise!" (area 1910) 25 

Portland, Maine publisher Thomas Bird 

Illustrator Mckie of "The Many Mice of 

Mr. Brice" (1973) 

Leslie Sarah McGuire's pseudonym: 


"_ Blue", 1 929 song: 2 wds. 

Lon , Khmer Republic President 


Under the weather 

Miss West 

Slip up 

"_ the Future" trilogy (1985-90): 2 wds. 

Running clue 

Running clue 

They don't keep their appointments: 

hyph. wd. 

Running clue 

Illustrator Barrett of "The Pop-Up White 

House" (1983) 

First word of a fairy tale 

Animator and illustrator Julian 

A 3 rating in "Movable Reviews" 


Peter NewelPs "The _ Book" (1 908) 
Ron Van Der Meer's "The Math _" (1 994) 
Pop-up "commercial" in a magazine, 
for example 

Roger Hargreave's "Mr. Funny and 
the PopJJp _ Show" (1983) 
Glue for your six-year old "paper 

White Heat's James Roger 

Unchanged: 2 wds. 
Olin or Home 
Running clue 

"Tyrannosaurus ", one of Dick 

Dudley's Dinobabies (1989) 
46 Running clue 






The -Magnons from Melvin Berger s 

"Early Humans: A Prehistoric World" 



Ruminated stuff 

2nd Movable Book Society 

Conference state 

The 2nd Conference of The 
Movable book society 

APRIL 30 TO MAY 2, 1998 
Los Angeles, California 

Pop-up and Movable Cards 

Two new members of The Movable Book Society 
produce greeting cards. Joyce Aysta is the founder of Live 
Your Dreams Designs which produces ongami 
architecture note cards. Each card has a white pop-up 
with colorful nee paper applied to the exterior The cards 
are available at shops and museums throughout the U.S. 
For more information contact Live Your Dreams 
Designs, 2518 A. Etiwan Ave., Charleston, South 
Carolina 28414. 

Mimi Sheiner produces interactive greeting cards. 
Many of them are die-cut, with moving parts. Many are 
funny A few are die-cut and funny For more information 
contact Mimi at Chronogram, 2422 Hilgard Ave., 
Berkeley, California 94709 or 

Book Happenings 

Barbara Lazarus Metz and John Railings are curating 
"Wonderous Worlds: Pop-ups and Movable Books" an 
exhibit at Columbia College Chicago Center for Book 
and Paper Arts from November 7 - December 1 9, 1 997. 
John will speak on "Books that Spring to Life" on 
November 14 and Barbara will present a workshop 
"Pop-ups, Pop-ups, Pop-ups" November 1 5 and 1 6. For 
more information call the Center at 3 1 2-43 1 -86 1 2. 

The 26th Michigan Antiquarian Book & Paper Show 
will be held October 5 from 9:30-5:00 at the New 
Lansing Center, Lansing, Michigan. For more information 
call 517-332-01 12. 

"Hey . . What's new? Tradition and innovation in the 
Book Arts" is the third annual New Jersey Book Arts 
Symposium. The day-long program will feature the work 
of six diverse and accomplished book artists. The 
morning program will feature presentations by artists and 
the afternoon will be a panel discussion. At the 
conclusion of the afternoon discussions, all will be invited 
to share one piece of their own work. The participants 
are: Earl B. Lewis, painter and children's book illustrator; 
Lois Morrison, book artist, Jamie Kamph, bookbinder; 
Anna Pinto, calligrapher; Sue Gosin, papermaker, Eileen 
Fou, printmaker, lithographer, Lowell Bodger, letterpress 
printer; Robert Mahon, photographer, book artist; and 
Hedi Kyle, conservator, book artist. Graphic artist 
Barbara Henry will demonstrate woodblock pnnting. 

The registration fee is $25.00. Lunch is not 
included. For more information call 201-648-5223 or 
register via the web at: 

Questions and Answers 

Q. What is the best way to re-glue a support tab that has 

come loose? 

Janet Ervin 
Lancaster, California 

Q. What is the best way to dispose of a valuable, large 
collection of pop-up and action books (other than by sale 
to a dealer). I would like it to go to a library, university, 
or museum. Who should be contacted? What procedures 
are followed? 

MBS Member/ Respond to 
Movable Stationery editor 

Q. There are so many ways to shelve pop-up books. 

What have others found is the best way? 

Eleanor Heldrick 
Baltimore, Maryland 

A. My own collection has been shelved many different 
ways as it has grown. The older and most valuable books 
are shelved together behind glass in cases. Since I have 
a large number of Christmas books, they are all shelved 
together. But, the contemporary books are all shelved by 
size. I have found I can fit more books on open shelves by 
arranging them by height. Each of the shelves is 
numbered and each of the books has a shelf number. (I 
am a librarian, after all!) 

Ann Montanaro 

East Brunswick, New Jersey 


1 W - Awful 

2 "fr - POOR 

3 ft - OK 

4 ■& - Good 

5 ■& - Superb 

plant was gambling punch boards. Somehow Blue 
Ribbon Books of New York came to the elder Voges 
with a new idea for children's books they had just 
patented - the "Pop-Up" book. Young Fred, fresh out of 
Emmington High School was intrigued with the concept. 
In short order he produced mock ups of the earlier titles, 
his father's shop got the work and Fred did the paper 
engineering on all the "pop-up" titles as well as the 
Mickey Mouse and Wizard of Oz "Waddle Books." 

Robert Sabuda's reviews will return in the next issue. 
He has just completed a new pop-up book and is moving 
to a new studio. 

From Illustrated radio premium catalog and price 
guide. By Tom Tumbusch. Dayton, Ohio, Tomart 
Publications, 1 989. page 1 1 . 

More on Blue Ribbon Pop-ups 

Note: Anne Williams supplied this information to 
supplement "Blue Ribbon Pop-ups" which appeared in 
the September, 1 996 issue. 

Premiums were usually approved for manufacture 
after the first several ads and commercials had run. The 
initial response was used to gauge the size of the 
production run. The majority of metal premiums were 
manufactured in Massachusetts and shipped to Battle 
Creek or the greater Minneapolis, Chicago, or St. Louis 
areas for fulfillment. . . 

The Einson-Freeman Company of Long Island City 
produced paper premiums of all types throughout the 30's 
and 40's. Sam Gold turned to them often for production 
of masks, games, punch out kits and other paper 
premiums. Most were designed by Fred Voges and Wally 
Wiest. When World War II came along the materials 
shortage virtually killed metal premiums and the use of 
paper premiums increased. In 1942 Sam Gold joined 
Einson-Freeman as Vice-President. 

All indications suggest Gold maintained his offices in 
Chicago. Material from the Voges estate relates Fred 
worked from Gold in Chicago during frus period . . . and 
until 1946 when he and Weist formed their own 

Some of the rarest of all premiums are punch-out and 
other paper premiums. A lion's share of these were 
created by Voges and Weist. Voges was the paper 
engineer - one of the most creative to come along since 
the oriental origami masters. Wally Weist was a creative 
artist in his own right, but was an accomplished "swipe" 
artist as well. He was equally at home copying a 
Rembrandt in oils as he was at reproducing the styles of 
Disney or Milt Caniff on premiums. 

Presently more is known of Fred Voges. The saga 
began at his father's Chicago paperboard printing and die 
cutting shop in the early 30's. The major product at the 

[Fred Voges was also both the author and animator of 
Fairy tale magical picture book published by Dyco 
Institute of Philadelphia in 1 948. The cover describes the 
book as having "a magic wand that brings characters to 
life in realistic action 1 "] 

For Sale 

Eccentricities. Twenty-five or more pop-up books. At: 

Michel Johvet 

1 30 S 202nd St. 

Des Moines, Washington 98198 

Funny jungleland. W.K. Kellog, 1909 
Steven Workman 
14013 Cutler 
Benton, Illinois 628 12 

Little Red Riding Hood. Blue Ribbon, 1934. 

Tim Tyler, 1935. 

Christmas time in action, 1 949. 

Daily Express, 1930. 

Gayla Pauley 

208 Moultne 

Mattoon. Illinois 6 1938 

Pop-ups for Grown-Ups 

"Pop-ups for Grown-ups: 20th Century books from 
the collections of Ann Montanaro and Robert Sabuda" is 
an exhibit on view at Pratt Institute Library in Brooklyn, 
New York through October 3, 1997. The exhibit fills 
display cases on three floors of the century-old library and 
features over 60 books and additional greeting cards, 
postcards, business cards, and advertising circulars and 
inserts. The cases are organized by topics: performing 
arts, medical, historical figures, travel, holidays, sex and 
more. To visit the exhibition, contact the library for hours 
at 7 18-636-3685 

continued from page 2 

The last page of the book has: "Designed in England and 
Printed by G. Loewensohn at Forth Bavaria." The eight 
movable pages from this book were used, together with 
newly illustrated text-pages, for a Russian edition with 
the title Steka Rastrepka (Slovenly little Stephan) 
published in 1 898 in Moscow and St. Petersburg. 

With the same title of The Magic Lantern 
Struwwelpeter, Wame and Co. published in 1896 a 
simplified edition of the earlier book. The movable part 
was reduced to only one wheel, built in the front cover of 
the book and only showing four pictures of the girl who 
played with fire; the number of stories included was also 
reduced to twelve. From this edition appeared a Dutch 
edition with the literally translated title De 
Tooverlantaarn Struwelpeter by a certain Rose (an 
unsolved pseudonym), published in 1897 by Campagne 
& Zoon in Amsterdam. 

At the latest in 1900, but without a date, the eight 
pages with their embedded wheels known from the 1 890 
edition, were used once more by Warne & Co. for a third 
version with the title The magic lantern Struwwelpeter. 
Printed without text this time, the front cover reads 
"Printed and made in Bavaria." A copy of this edition 
(shown on page 1) was offered recently in Catalog 37 
(Winter, 1 997), nr. 263, by Jo Ann Reisler Ltd. This third 
version is also known in a Dutch version with the title De 
Tooverlantaarn (The magic lantern), published by the 
firm of J. Vlieger in Amsterdam about 1 900. Since there 
is no text it was presumably accompanied by a smaller 
textbook from which the stories could be read, showing 
the subsequent pictures from the movable plates to the 
children. But copies of this edition are extremely scarce, 
as are all these Wame editions. They are known to me, all 
the three of them, in just one copy. 

In 1 893 Mane Beck, at that time a well-known German 
children's book writer, compiled a pull-tab movable Der 
lehendige Stniwwelppter und andere drollige 
Geschichten fur kinder von 3 bis 8 Jahren (The living 
Struwwelpeter and other funny stories for children from 
3 to 8 years old) with eight stories and eight movable 
pictures by Margarete Pfeifer Printed and published by 
Wilheld Dils from Wesel German. The company was 
very active with Struwwelpeter at that tune as their 
catalog of 1 893 shows over a dozen adaptations but this 
one is the only movable. 

Heinrich Hoffmann died in September 1894. In 
1895, following right after his death, the most well- 
known movable in this field appeared: Gustav Weises 
lebendiger Struwwelpeter (Gustav Weises living 
Struwwelpeter) published by the firm of G. Weise in 
Stuttgart The mechanics were by "El. Em." which stands 
for Lothar Meggendorfer, the unrivaled master of the 
movable book. It is unclear if the publication of this book 
was to be linked with the death of Hoffmann or with the 

50th anniversary of the first appearance of this German 
original. Certain however, is the fact that this book is a 
highlight in this enumeration of movable Struwwelpeter 
editions, as all Meggendorfer books are highlights in the 
field of movable books because of their clever mechanics 
but surely also because of their humorous caricature-like 
illustrations. There is no need to explain to explain that to 
readership interested in movable books. . . Together with 
the English edition of this book: Dean's living 
Struwwelpeter, in 1896, simultaneously published by 
Dean & Son in London and by International Art 
Publishing Co., Ltd. in New York, Philadelphia and 
Chicago, this book is highly sought after not only by 
collectors of movable books but also by collectors of 
Struwwelpeter. The copy in the Marjorie Moon 
Collection sold at Christie's in 1 994 to a German private 
collector of Struwwelpeters for the highest price of all the 
movable books. 

Lesser known, however, is the fact that three of the 
pictures of this Struwwelpeterbook were redrawn by 
Meggendorfer and reused in 1 9 1 - though simplified and 
with other story titles - for his book Lustiges 
Ziehbilderhuch (Funny pull-tab book), also published at 
Gustav Weise in Stuttgart. It is also known in an Italian 
translation as Pupazi vive e allegri published at Ulrico 
Hoepli in Milano, without a date but surely before the 
First World War. 

It is not until 1 930 that again we find "The Famous 
Picturebook" as a movable book. (Several Dutch editions 
of Struwwelpeter between 1910 and 1930 just were 
titles.) In 1 930 we see the Struwwelpeter - and only him 
of all the Hoffmann figures - in the mix-and-match book 
by Walter Trier: Mdnnlein, Mdnnlein wandle dich: 8192 
verschiedene Mdnnlein. Fiir Kinder von 5-75 und 
daruber (Little man, little man transform you: 8129 
different little men. For children from 5-75 and over). It 
was published by J.F. Schreiber in Esslingen, Germany. 
By turning the pages, divided in three parts, we are able 
to cive Stru^^-vel^eter a different head or ctr"*** body 
and/or other legs The title later appeared at Pestalozzi- 
Verlag in Erlangen, Germany and also, in 1944, in a 
largely altered version at Atrium Press in London as 8192 
Quite crazy people in one book, in which we again find 
Struwwelpeter on page 26. 

Without publisher, place, or date was published Der 
Stnrwwelpeter. L'ngekiirzte Ausgabe, a picture book with 
shaped Struwwelpeter-head and movable eyes - an 
eyebook. Since the title is in "SOtterlin" writing, a strange 
almost unreadable and "slovenly" - looking way of 
lettering, looking like handwriting and used in Germany 
in the 1920s and until the later half of the 1930s, we will 
have to date this edition about 1 930. 

A Dutch edition with the title Piet de Smeerpoes, also 
without publisher, etc. probably dates from the same 
time. It is remarkable, however, to see the pictures of 
some of the stories, though identical to the German ones, 
having been printed here as seen in a mirror: left and 
right have been exchanged! 

The only three-dimensional edition of a Struwwelpeter 
known to me was published in 1 940 in the Schreiber- 
series of Stehaufbilderbucher (Stand-up picturebooks) in 
which we find Der lebende Struwwelpeter, oder lustige 
Geschichten und drollige Bilderfur Kinder von 3-6 
Jahren von Heinrich Hoffmann nach der Frankfurter 
Originalausgabe. (The living Struwwelpeter, or merry 
stories and funny pictures for children from 3-6 years old 
by Heinrich Hoffmann, after the Frankfurter original 
edition). In six fan-folded pop-ups we see here for the 
very first time in three-dimension the well- known figures 
from Hoffmann's classic. Unfortunately this is the rarest 
number of the series, due to the start of the Second World 

I have been unable to trace the Spanish translation of 
this book although I have seen several other titles from 
the series of Spanish editions, published as Album relieve 
at Editoria Selva in Barcelona. Nor have I been able to 
trace the South African translation where other parts of 
the series are known as Van Schaik se beweegbare 
prenteboeke (movable picture books at Van Schaik). 

That is my description of movable Struwwelpeter as I 
have found until now. Overlooking the information 
available, I would like to make two more remarks. The 
first things that strikes me is that most of the editions date 
between 1885 and 1910, the era known as the First 
Golden Age of Movable Books. That is also an era that 
shows a very large number of Struwwelpeter editions, 
imitations, and parodies. The reason why is unclear; the 
history of the reception of this children's class is still 
unexplored - in contrast with that of Carroll's Alice in 
Wonderland. Also striking is that the history of the 
movable Struwwelpeter appears to end in 1 940 although 
the number of non-movable editions and the number of 
movable books and pop-ups since that time are countless. 

Notable also is the fact that I didn't see any movable 
edition at all of the Struwwelpeter as done by Heinrich 
Hoffmann. Although many editions do have the name of 
the dirty boy with the long fingernails in their title, all of 
them are just adaptations - at their best with some of the 
Hoffmann stories included. This is striking when one 
realizes how much movement there is in the pictures of 
the Hoffmann original, and in their stories as well, since 
almost every sentence of the ten stories could easily be 
brought to motion. The figures could pop-up, holograms 
could be used to see "The girl who played with fire," 
scratch-and-sniffs to smell the sulphur of the matches the 
girl was told not to touch, etc. Music could be added 
through a sound chip. (The stories were set to music by 

Hussla as early as 1876 and recently a Struwwelpeter 
musical toured in Germany.) With the techniques now 
available it wouldn't be a problem to produce a movable 
coffee table Struwwelpeter. But, it appears this is "not the 
right time" for such an edition. Some of the leading 
publishing houses in Germany gave their reaction to 
Keith Moseley to whom I suggested such an edition for 
the German jubilee years, 1994-1995. But maybe it will 
prove to be a good idea for the 1998 jubilee year in 
England, or for the jubilee in the United State. In 1 999 it 
will be 150 years ago since the first American edition 
appeared at C. Town of New York as Slovenly Peter: or 
pleasant stories and funny pictures. Translated from the 
German, a censored first edition since it left out one of 
the best stories of the ten: "The story of the thumb 

We will be curious to see which paper engineer or 
packager will be daring enough to do a modem movable 
Peter. Or at least, safely, a reprint of one of the old ones 
listed above. For now we would be very pleased to be 
informed of other movables on this theme not described 
in this article. 

New Publications 

The following titles have been identified from pre- 
publication publicity, publisher's catalogs, or adver- 
ising. All titles include pop-ups unless otherwise 

The amazing pull-out pop-up body in a book By 
David Hawcock. Dorling Kindersley, August, 1997. 
$19.95. 0-789-42052-x. 

Angels: A pop-up book. Andrews & McMeel. October, 

1997. l'/ 2 x2". 12 pages. $3.95. 


Also: Happy Birthday! 0-8362-2953-3. 

Golf. 0-8362-2956-8. Merry Christmas. 

0-8362-3642-4. Fathers. 0-8362-3643-2. 
For my daughter. 0-8362-3644-0. For my friend. 
0-8362-3645-9. Grandmothers. 0-8362-3646-7. 
Thankyou. 0-8362-3647-5. 

Ben 's box: A pop-up fantasy. By Michael Foreman. 
Andrews & McMeel. September, 1997. $15.95. 

Bon voyage! Running Press Miniature Edition. 

September, 1997. 2% x VA. 14 pages. $4.95. 


Also: Girlfriends. 0-7624-0107-9. 

Stressed. 0-7624-0108-7. 

Thinking of you. 0-7624-0109-5. 

Cats: Quips and quotes on feline friends. Main Street 

Editions Pop-up Books. Fall, 1997. Andrews & 

McMeel. 5 x 6'/= $6.95. 0-8362-2675-5 

Also: Freshwater fishing: Timeless quotes on angling. 


Gardens: A bouquet of thoughts. 0-8362-2674-7. 

Chuck Murphy 's alphabet magic, [tab-operated 
plates]. Little Simon. $14.95 9" x 7". 0-689-81286-8. 

Chuck Murphy 's color surprises: A pop-up book. 
Little Simon. September, 1997. 10 pages. $12.95. 

Desmond the dog. By Nick Denchfield Harcourt 
Brace. September, 1997. $12.95. 0-152-01340-7. 

A dog 's world: A picture frame pop-up quote book. 

Andrews & McMeel. September, 1997. $7.95. 

1 -8884-43 12-x. 

Also: Head over heels: A picture frame pop-up quote 

book. Piggy Toes Press. 1 -8884-43 1 0-3 

Missing you: A picture frame pop-up quote book. 

Piggy Toes Press. 1 -8884-43 11-1 

Whiskers & kisses: A picture frame pop-up quote 

book. Andrews & McMeel. 1-8884-4313-8. 

Don 7 be surprised! Dial. September, 1 997. $ 1 3.99. 0- 

Don 't do that! By Mick Inkpen. Piggy Toes Press. 
September 1997. 1-8884-4353-7. $4.95. 
Also: Little spotty things 1-8884-4355-3. 
Say "Aaah! "1-8884-4356-1. 

The first Christmas: A Bible story book with pop-up 
blocks. Thomas Nelson. September, 1997. $9.99. 

/ can too: An Elmer pop-up book. By David McKee. 
Lothrop Lee & Shepard. September, 1997. $15.95. 

In the spooky fun house: A pop-up book (The 
Berenstain Bears). By Stan and Jan Berenstain 
Inchworm Press. September, 1997. $5.95. 

Little polar bear mini pop-up book By Hand De Beer. 
North South Books. September, 1997. $7.95. 
1-5585-71 1-x 

Little space scout 's space case. Chronicle. September, 
1997. $12.95. 18 pages. 0-81 18-1 758-v 

My nose is a hose. McClanahan. $6.99. 9x76 pages. 

My pop-up surprise 12 3. By Robert Crowther. 
Orchard. September, 1997. 12 pages. $16.95. 



3 9088 01629 2807 

My pop-up surprise abc. By Robert Crowther. 
Orchard. September, 1997. 14 pages. $16.95. 


Nightmare hotel: Danger: Spooky pop-up book. By 
Alex Henry. Envision Publishing September, 1997. 
$15.95. 1-8906-3302-x. 

Noah and the ark: A Bible story with pop-up blocks. 
Thomas Nelson. $9.99. September, 1997. 

Old MacDonald's pop-up farm. Barron's. September, 
1997. 8 V. x 9 Va. 12 pages. With sound chip. $13.95. 

Play and count in Patch 's house Harcourt Brace. 
October. 1 997. 10 14 x 6 %. Carousel book. $ 1 1 .95. 

Polar bears. A Dial Nature Notebook Pop-up. Dial 
Books for Young Readers. $4.99. 0-803-7 1 277-4. 

Pooh 's enchanted place. Dutton. October, 1997. 24 
pages. $18.95. 0-525-45832-8. 

Stellaluna: Pop-up book and mobile. By Janell 
Cannon. Harcourt Brace. September, 1 997. 10 V* x 9. 

Six brave explorers: A pop-up book. By Carla Dijs and 
Kees Moerbeek. Andrews & McMeel September, 
1997. $9.95. 1-8884-4344-8. 

Teddy 's Christmas: a pop-up book with mini 
Christmas cards. By Pete Bowman. Hyperion. 
December. 1997.0-786-80345-2. 

There 's a bug in my mug. McC! 
6 pages. 1-562-93931-9 

TT-t \(- 

9 X / 

Tractor trouble. By Steve Augarde. Lodestar Books. 
September, 1997. $14.99. 0-525-67561-2. 

A Victorian Christmas: 3-dimensional pop-up village 
and holiday countdown calendar. Julv, 1997. 
Andrews & McMeel. $14.95. 0836275098 

What am I? Creepy Crawlies. Barrens. $6.95. 

Also: What am I? Egg surprise 0-764 I -5028-6. 
What am I? Jumpers. 0-764 1 -5027-8. 
What am I? Seashore. 0-764 1 -5025- 1 . 

When the wild pirates go sailing: A pop-up adventure 
book. By Carla Djis and Kees Moerbeek. Andrews & 
McMeei. .September. 1997. $9.95 I -8884-4343-X.